Wellington Botanical Gardens Memorial Register
Pinus brutia the Gallipoli Pine and Winsome Shepherd
Lone Pine in cemetery at Gallipoli
photographed by Wikipedia on 00/00/0000
The taking of Lone Pine (1921, ) by Fred Leist (1878–1945). Depicts the attack by the Australian 1st Brigade on covered Turkish trenches at Lone Pine, 6 August 1915, during the Battle of Gallipoli
photographed by Photo of painting on 00/00/0000
Typical country in Callipoli
photographed by Archival photo on 00/00/1915
Pinus brutia in Garden
photographed by p c tomlinson on 24/10/2012
Pinus brutia ion Remembrance Ridge
photographed by p c tomlinson on 24/10/2012
Winsome Shepherd at opening of Hector Memorial
photographed by p c tomlinson on 24/10/2010

No memorial plaque has been installed


On Remembrance Ridge


The Lone Pine was a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in August 1915.

Pines which are planted as a memorial to the Australian and New Zealand soldiers who fought in Gallipoli are also known as "Lone Pines" or "Gallipoli Pines", referencing the original tree. The original "Lone Pine" was a sole survivor of a group of trees that had been cut down by Turkish soldiers who had used the timber and branches to cover their trenches during the battle. The tree was obliterated during the Battle of Lone Pine in August 1915. This was a major Australian battle that was planned as a diversion for the bigger battle at Chunuk Bair involving New Zealand troops that followed shortly afterwards. Pine cones that had remained attached to the cut branches over the trenches were retrieved by two Australian soldiers and brought home to Australia.

The only tree in New Zealand that is a direct descendant of this Gallipoli tree grows at the Paeroa Golf Course. It came via Australia.

Following the battle, a pine cone from the Gallipoli tree was sent back to Australia by Sergeant Keith McDowall and 12 years later was propagated by his mother. The resultant seedlings were found to be Turkish Pines, sometimes regarded as a subspecies of Pinus halepensis (Aleppo Pine), but usually classified as a distinct species, Pinus brutia. Four trees propagated from this cone were later planted at war memorials in Victoria, Australia, in 1933-34. However, most ANZAC pine trees planted in Australia and New Zealand to commemorate men lost in the Gallipoli campaign, and in particular the Lone Pine Ridge, are Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) which does not grow naturally in Gallipoli but is found near the Mediterranean coast in Spain, France, Italy, Croatia, Greece, Israel, Syria, Turkey, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco. The origin of these P. halepensis trees is attributed to a cone collected by an Australian soldier from the Turkish trenches off a tree branch, probably brought in from a wood lot or hedgerow planted on the Gallipoli Peninsula.

Two of the most prominent ANZAC pines in New Zealand are radiata pine (Pinus radiata), and one is a Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis).

Whilst there are several in Australia, the only authentic Pinus brutia in New Zealand from the Gallipoli Lone Pine seems to be the one at the Paeroa Golf Course very likely derived from the cone Sergeant McDowell brought back with him to Australia, and as such must rank as one of the most historic trees in the country.' Recently, the Australian Returned and Services League propagated over 1000 seedlings from the Pinus brutia tree in Melbourne for RSL organisations and schools throughout Australia to plant as memorial trees. To commemorate the 100 year anniversary in 2015 of the Gallipoli landings with an authentic descendent of the Gallipoli Lone Pine.

The NZ Forest Research Institute (SCION) has propagated seedlings from the original tree, and some have been distributed in the Hawke's Bay. SCION are keeping two plants for their arboretum and possible further breeding.


At  the Lone Pine Cemetery on the Gallipoli peninsula a solitary pine was planted in the 1920s to symbolise the original Lone Pine. This tree was inspected in 1987 by an Australian botanist and confirmed to be a Stone Pine (Pinus pinea).

The Turkish pine is a tree to 27-35 m, with a usually open crown of irregular branches.

Natural range Primarily in Turkey and far E Greece, secondarily in the Crimea, Caucasus coast, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Crete and Cyprus. It grows at 0-1525 m elevation, below the other indigenous pines of the area, P. nigra Arnold var. caramanica and P. sylvestris var. hamata. Pinus brutia is also found in the Italian province of Calabria (in Roman times: Brutia), but was probably imported there" .

Planted to commemorate the ANZAC soldiers who where engaged in the Gallipoli battle in 1915, many who were seriously wounded, and many died there.  

The source of this tree is not currently known but is probably not from the original collecton as described above.

It also records the lifetime study of the pine genus by Winsome Shepherd who was a staunch supporer of this Garden and of the Friends. She had a particular interest in Pinus radiata. This became the most important timber tree in this country, and Winsome compiled much information on its introduction, The Wellington Botanic Garden played a fundamental role in its introduction and distribution throughout New Zealand from the 1870's.

category: trees - memorial and commemorative